Journée-séminaire de combinatoire

(équipe CALIN du LIPN, université Paris-Nord, Villetaneuse)

Le 29 mars 2016 à 15h00 en B107, Svetlana Puzynina nous parlera de : Infinite self-shuffling words

Résumé : An infinite word x on an alphabet A is self-shuffling, if x admits factorizations: $x=\prod_{i=1}^\infty U_iV_i=\prod_{i=1}^\infty U_i=\prod_{i=1}^\infty V_i$ with $U_i,V_i \in \A^*$. In other words, there exists a shuffle of x with itself which reproduces x. W­­e prove that many important and well studied words are self-shuffling: This includes the Thue-Morse word and all Sturmian words except Lyndons. We further establish a number of necessary conditions for a word to be self-shuffling, and show that certain other important words (including the paper-folding word and infinite Lyndon words) are not self-shuffling. This new notion has some unexpected applications: As a consequence of our characterization of self-shuffling Sturmian words, we recover a number theoretic result, originally due to Yasutomi, on a classification of pure morphic Sturmian words in the orbit of the characteristic. Finally, we provide a positive answer to a recent question by T. Harju whether square-free self-shuffling words exist and discuss self-shuffling in a shift orbit closure.

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