Résumé : Consider the uniform random graph G(n,M) with n vertices and M edges. Erdős and Rényi (1960) conjectured that when n goes to infinity, then the limit of "Pr(G(n,n/2) is planar" exists and is a constant strictly between 0 and 1. Łuczak, Pittel and Wierman (1994) proved this conjecture and Janson, Łuczak, Knuth and Pittel (1993) gave lower and upper bounds for this probability. In this talk we show how to determine the exact probability of a random graph beingplanar near the critical point M=n/2. More exactly, for each λ, we find an exact analytic expression for p(λ) = \lim_{n \to \infty} \Pr{G(n,n/2 (1+λ n^{-1/3})) is planar}. In particular, we obtain p(0) \approx 0.99780. If time permits we will show extensions of these techniques and further research. This is joint work with Marc Noy (UPC-Barcelona) and Vlady Ravelomanana (LIAFA-Paris)
Dernière modification : Thursday 23 November 2017 | Contact : Cyril.Banderier at lipn.univ-paris13.fr |